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Giustini Lodovico: Sonate da Cimbalo / Brunner, fortepiano

Audio Samples

  1. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 1 in G minor: I. Balletto: Spiritoso, ma non presto $0.99 on iTunes
  2. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 1 in G minor: II. Corrente: Allegro $0.99 on iTunes
  3. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 1 in G minor: III. Sarabanda: Grave $0.99 on iTunes
  4. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 1 in G minor: IV. Giga: Presto $0.99 on iTunes
  5. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 1 in G minor: V. Minuet: Affetuoso $0.99 on iTunes
  6. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 2 in C minor: I. Grave $0.99 on iTunes
  7. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 2 in C minor: II. Corrente: Allegro $0.99 on iTunes
  8. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 2 in C minor: III. Giga: Grave $0.99 on iTunes
  9. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 2 in C minor: IV. Presto: Giga $0.99 on iTunes
  10. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 2 in C minor: V. Minuet $0.99 on iTunes
  11. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 7 in G major: I. Alemanda: Andante $0.99 on iTunes
  12. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 7 in G major: II. Corrente: Presto assai $0.99 on iTunes
  13. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 7 in G major: III. Siciliana: Affettuoso $0.99 on iTunes
  14. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 7 in G major: IV. Gavotta: Presto $0.99 on iTunes
  15. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 8 in A major: I. Sarabanda: Affettuoso $0.99 on iTunes
  16. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 8 in A major: II. Allegro $0.99 on iTunes
  17. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 8 in A major: III. Rondo: Affettuoso $0.99 on iTunes
  18. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 8 in A major: IV. Giga: Prestissimo $0.99 on iTunes
  19. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 10 in F minor: I. Alemanda: Affettuoso $0.99 on iTunes
  20. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 10 in F minor: II. Tempo di Gavotta: Canzone $0.99 on iTunes
  21. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 10 in F minor: III. Alemanda: Grave e Affettuoso $0.99 on iTunes
  22. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 10 in F minor: IV. Corrente: Allegro assai $0.99 on iTunes
  23. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 11 in E major: I. Alemanda: Allegro, ma non presto $0.99 on iTunes
  24. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 11 in E major: II. Dolce $0.99 on iTunes
  25. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 11 in E major: III. Gavotta $0.99 on iTunes
  26. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 11 in E major: IV. Rondo: Affettuoso $0.99 on iTunes
  27. Giustini — 12 Sonate da cimbalo di piano e forte detto volgarmente di martelletti, Op. 1: Sonata No. 11 in E major: V. Giga: Allegro assai $0.99 on iTunes

Album Summary

>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 1 in G minor
>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 2 in C minor
>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 7 in G major
>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 8 in A major
>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 10 in F minor
>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 11 in E major
Performer Composer

Notes & Reviews:

"Lodovico Giustini's Sonate da Cimbalo di piano forte are the first published pieces for the piano. The music vacillates between gallant and high baroque idioms. In moments that would otherwise sound predictable Guistini beautifies the harmony with acciaccaturas, grace notes, and syncopations. The instrument is a Cristofori copy built by Reiner Theilmann. Brunner delivers these sonatas with acute attention to the capabilities and limitations of the early piano."-American Record Guide

"Not many people have heard of Lodovico Giustini (1685 - 1743). He spent most of his life in and around Pistoia, not too far from Florence, where much of his work was written for the local cathedral, at least after he was appointed maestro di cappella in 1731. There and in his second job with the Congregazione dello Spirito Santo, where he was an organist and music director, he focused mainly upon the day-to-day requirements for the church, writing the usual smaller pieces of sacred music, as well as masses. He was a homegrown person, whose life would have been indistinguishable from many other Italian maestri in smaller towns, save that he had the fortune to come into contact with a new and exciting keyboard instrument, the fortepiano, which was just then being manufactured by Bartolomeo Cristofori. This instrument maker had been engaged by Duke Ferdinando di Medici as early as about the mid 1690s to provide the Florentine court with keyboards. The duke, apparently a talented harpsichordist with the ability to play by ear, gathered a collection that numbered some 37 or more instruments, including harpsichords (33 of them), clavichords, portative organs, and arpicimbalo. By the time he died in 1713, Florence had achieved a reputation as a hotbed of keyboard invention, and Cristofori began to build fortepianos in earnest during the reign of Ferdinando's successor, Gian Gastone. For whom these were built is still not always clear, but he somehow interested Giustini, who took a leave of absence at the age of 47 to travel to Florence to see and play these instruments.

This brings us to the second part of the tale. Apparently Giustini was impressed enough to publish a set of 12 sonatas for "cimbalo di piano e forte" there in 1732. Of course, this did not come out of the blue or because the composer felt impelled to do so. Rather, he was commissioned by a clerical diplomat, João de Seixas da Fonseca Borges, to produce new music for an instrument favored by the Portuguese court. Domenico Scarlatti had, of course, dabbled with the instrument back in 1710, but the dearth of music for it was a difficulty, particularly since a Cristofori instrument was already on its way to the court of Dom João V. Speculation in the excellent booklet notes by Gerd Reuther rests on a series of coincidental circumstances that resulted in this set of sonatas. This recording only delivers half of the bunch, but these are enough to demonstrate the rather transitional nature of the works. They are in format like Baroque four-movement sonatas or suites, with the bulk of the movements featuring dances. The music itself, however, is far more elegant and sensitive (in that galant vein). For example, the opening movement of Sonata No. 10 in F Minor is marked affettuoso and is an allemande, but the phrasing belongs to an era that still lay almost a decade in the future with its delicate nuances. The final gigue of the E-Major sonata would really not be out of place in C. P. E. Bach, even though there are some occasional turns that are pure Baroque. The Corrente second movement of the G-Major sonata is almost pure Bach, with no hint in the rapid figuration of an earlier style or age. It may be the varying dynamic levels that Giustini uses (hence the name of the instrument), but there is a feeling of stylistic confusion, where as little as one phrase or bar changes dramatically between Baroque sequencing of dances and Classical expanded themes and contrasts. The transition of the periods is truly evident here.

The performance, on a replica of 1726 Cristofori instrument, is universally excellent. Fortepianist Wolfgang Brunner knows just where to place the emphases with clear, precise phrasing. Given the variety of keys (from four sharps to four flats) one wonders about the temperament of the instrument, which should be more pungent harmonically the farther along the circle of fifths it goes. The clarity of this recording in all keys gives a feeling of equal temperament, and in this recording the music shines whatever the key. My only quibble would be with the translation into English in the booklet notes. Wonderful howlers like "By copying the fortepiano piano and the implicated deep examination" or "For example, he hided the second bent side in the way" mean that the editors of the booklet notes should have found a native speaker. There is also a YouTube video of the first movement of the G-Minor sonata demonstrating how the action works, which is a nice addition for a broader perspective. Anyone interested in the development of the fortepiano and its idiosyncratic music will want to purchase this disc."-Fanfare

Notes & Reviews:

Recording information: Neumarkt (Allemagne), Historischer Reitstadt (02/07/2009-02/09/2009).



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Works Details

>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 1 in G minor
  • Performer: Wolfgang Brunner (Fortepiano)
  • Notes: Neumarkt (Allemagne), Historischer Reitstadt (02/07/2009-02/09/2009)
  • Running Time: 11 min. 12 sec.
  • Period Time: Baroque

>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 2 in C minor
  • Performer: Wolfgang Brunner (Fortepiano)
  • Notes: Neumarkt (Allemagne), Historischer Reitstadt (02/07/2009-02/09/2009)
  • Running Time: 13 min. 35 sec.
  • Period Time: Baroque

>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 7 in G major
  • Performer: Wolfgang Brunner (Fortepiano)
  • Notes: Neumarkt (Allemagne), Historischer Reitstadt (02/07/2009-02/09/2009)
  • Running Time: 12 min. 19 sec.
  • Period Time: Baroque

>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 8 in A major
  • Performer: Wolfgang Brunner (Fortepiano)
  • Notes: Neumarkt (Allemagne), Historischer Reitstadt (02/07/2009-02/09/2009)
  • Running Time: 10 min. 12 sec.
  • Period Time: Baroque

>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 10 in F minor
  • Performer: Wolfgang Brunner (Fortepiano)
  • Notes: Neumarkt (Allemagne), Historischer Reitstadt (02/07/2009-02/09/2009)
  • Running Time: 9 min. 14 sec.
  • Period Time: Baroque

>Giustini, Lodovico : Keyboard Sonata no 11 in E major
  • Performer: Wolfgang Brunner (Fortepiano)
  • Notes: Neumarkt (Allemagne), Historischer Reitstadt (02/07/2009-02/09/2009)
  • Running Time: 11 min. 38 sec.
  • Period Time: Baroque