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Ludwig van Beethoven Invents Jazz

Audio Samples

>Beethoven, Ludwig van : Sonata for Piano no 32, Op. 111
>     Ariatta (Excerpt)
>Brahms, Johannes : Sonata for Cello no 2, Op. 99
>     Adagio affetuoso (Excerpt)
>Mussorgsky, Modest : Pictures at an Exhibition
>     Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks
>Debussy, Claude : Children's Corner
>     Golliwogg's Cake-Walk
>Debussy, Claude : La plus que lente
>Ravel, Maurice : Sonata for Violin
>     Blues
>Stravinsky, Igor : Ebony Concerto
>     Allegretto moderato
>Bartók, Béla : Mikrokosmos, Sz 107
>     113. Bulgarian Rhythm
>Bartók, Béla : Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet and Piano, Sz 111
>     Sebes
>Milhaud, Darius : Scaramouche
>     Brazileira
>Milhaud, Darius : La Creation du monde
>     (Excerpt)
>Weill, Kurt : The Threepenny Opera
>     Kanonen-song
>Gershwin, George : Rhapsody in Blue
>     (Excerpt)
>Gershwin, George : Girl Crazy
>Bernstein, Leonard : Symphonic Dances from West Side Story
>     Prelude
>     Mambo
>     Divertimento
>Arnold, Malcolm : Concerto for clarinet no 2, Op. 115
>     Allegro non troppo
>Mayerl, Billy : Pianolettes
>     Jazzartistrix
>Paganini, Niccolò : Caprices (24) for Violin solo, Op. 1

Album Summary

>Beethoven, Ludwig van : Sonata for Piano no 32, Op. 111
>Brahms, Johannes : Sonata for Cello no 2, Op. 99
>Mussorgsky, Modest : Pictures at an Exhibition
>Debussy, Claude : Children's Corner
>Debussy, Claude : La plus que lente
>Ravel, Maurice : Sonata for Violin
>Stravinsky, Igor : Ebony Concerto
>Bartók, Béla : Mikrokosmos, Sz 107
>Bartók, Béla : Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet and Piano, Sz 111
>Milhaud, Darius : Scaramouche
>Milhaud, Darius : La Creation du monde
>Weill, Kurt : The Threepenny Opera
>Gershwin, George : Rhapsody in Blue
>Gershwin, George : Girl Crazy
>Bernstein, Leonard : Symphonic Dances from West Side Story
>Arnold, Malcolm : Concerto for clarinet no 2, Op. 115
>Mayerl, Billy : Pianolettes
>Paganini, Niccolò : Caprices (24) for Violin solo, Op. 1
Performers Conductors Ensembles Composers

Notes & Reviews:

Ludwig van Beethoven invented jazz. That statement might seem enough to provoke a paroxysm from a musicologist, but, with a passage in his final piano sonata, Beethoven created the first example of pure swing in the history of music. We might also wonder how the serious-minded Johannes Brahms could open a sonata movement with a walking bass blues that smacks of the Mississippi Delta, or how Modest Mussorgsky, in his "Pictures at an Exhibition," foreshadows Quincy Jones. This album makes these extraordinary connections before exploring the profound influence of jazz on composers of the 20th century, from Maurice Ravel to Leonard Bernstein.



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Works Details

>Beethoven, Ludwig van : Sonata for Piano no 32, Op. 111 :: Ariatta (Excerpt)
  • Performer: Yves Nat (Piano)
  • Running Time: 2 min. 30 sec.
  • Period Time: Classical
  • Written: 1821-1822

>Brahms, Johannes : Sonata for Cello no 2, Op. 99 :: Adagio affetuoso (Excerpt)
  • Performers: Truls Truls Mork (Cello); Juhani Lagerspetz (Piano)
  • Running Time: 2 min. 7 sec.
  • Period Time: Romantic
  • Written: 1886

>Mussorgsky, Modest : Pictures at an Exhibition :: Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks
  • Conductor: Charles Mackerras
  • Running Time: 1 min. 13 sec.
  • Period Time: Romantic
  • Written: 1874

>Debussy, Claude : Children's Corner :: Golliwogg's Cake-Walk
  • Performer: Jean-Bernard Pommier (Piano)
  • Running Time: 2 min. 40 sec.
  • Period Time: Post Romantic
  • Written: 1906-1908

>Debussy, Claude : La plus que lente
  • Performer: Jean-Bernard Pommier (Piano)
  • Running Time: 4 min. 26 sec.
  • Period Time: Post Romantic
  • Form: Waltz
  • Written: 1910

>Ravel, Maurice : Sonata for Violin :: Blues
  • Performers: Renaud Capuçon (Violin); Frank Braley (Piano)
  • Running Time: 4 min. 59 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1923-1927

>Stravinsky, Igor : Ebony Concerto :: Allegretto moderato
  • Performer: Michael Collins (Clarinet)
  • Conductor: Simon Rattle
  • Running Time: 3 min. 4 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Form: Concerto
  • Written: 1945

>Béla Bartók (Composer) (1881 - 1945) : Mikrokosmos, Sz 107 :: 113. Bulgarian Rhythm
  • Performer: Georges Solchany (Piano)
  • Running Time: 1 min. 6 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1942

>Béla Bartók (Composer) (1881 - 1945) : Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet and Piano, Sz 111 :: Sebes
  • Performer: Gervase de Peyer (Clarinet)
  • Ensemble: Melos Ensemble of London
  • Running Time: 6 min. 44 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1938

>Milhaud, Darius : Scaramouche :: Brazileira
  • Performers: Christian Ivaldi (Piano); Noël Lee (Piano)
  • Running Time: 2 min. 3 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1937

>Milhaud, Darius : La Création du monde :: (Excerpt)
  • Conductor: Alberto Zedda
  • Running Time: 1 min. 43 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Form: Ballet
  • Written: 1923

>Weill, Kurt : The Threepenny Opera :: Kanonen-song
  • Conductor: Otto Klemperer
  • Running Time: 2 min. 51 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 05/1928-08/1928

>Gershwin, George : Rhapsody in Blue :: (Excerpt)
  • Conductor: Wayne Marshall
  • Running Time: 8 min. 55 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1925

>Gershwin, George : Girl Crazy
  • Conductor: Wayne Marshall
  • Running Time: 8 min. 28 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1930

>Bernstein, Leonard : Symphonic Dances from West Side Story :: Prelude
  • Conductor: Järvi Paavo
  • Notes: Composition written: 1960.
  • Running Time: 4 min. 24 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1960

>Bernstein, Leonard : Symphonic Dances from West Side Story :: Mambo
  • Conductor: Järvi Paavo
  • Notes: Composition written: 1960.
  • Running Time: 2 min. 25 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1960

>Bernstein, Leonard : Symphonic Dances from West Side Story :: Divertimento
  • Conductor: Järvi Paavo
  • Notes: Composition written: 1960.
  • Running Time: 1 min. 45 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Written: 1960

>Arnold, Malcolm : Concerto for clarinet no 2, Op. 115 :: Allegro non troppo
  • Performer: Sabine Meyer (Clarinet)
  • Conductor: Ingo Metzmacher
  • Running Time: 2 min. 4 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern
  • Form: Concerto
  • Written: 1974

>Mayerl, Billy : Pianolettes :: Jazzartistrix
  • Performer: Susan Tomes (Piano)
  • Running Time: 2 min. 24 sec.
  • Period Time: Modern

>Niccolò Paganini (Composer/Violin) (1782 - 1840) : Caprices (24) for Violin solo, Op. 1
  • Performer: Sabine Meyer (Clarinet)
  • Conductor: Ingo Metzmacher
  • Running Time: 2 min. 35 sec.
  • Period Time: Romantic
  • Written: circa 1817