Hans Werner Henze: The Complete Deutsche Grammophon Recordings [16 CDs]

Notes & Reviews:

The composers who made the most decisive contribution to the development of post-war music in Europe were all born in the 1920s: Stockhausen, Boulez, Nono, Berio and Ligeti, to name but five. Shortly after the end of the Second World War, at a time when half of Europe still lay in ruins, they began to look for the basis of a new kind of music freed from the fatal legacy of the past. But few of them reacted as directly or as sensitively to the catastrophe of the National Socialist period as did Hans Werner Henze. And this was true of him both as an artist and as a human being. Like his contemporaries, he was an adolescent when the National Socialists were in power, and his works were a genuine reflection of contemporary events, especially those taking place in Germany. He was born in Gütersloh in Westphalia in 1926, the son of a schoolteacher who, loyal to the Nazi party, went to his death in the final stages of the war in support of the Führer s ideas. Henze himself was eighteen when he was conscripted and even at that early date he could already sense that he was an outsider and could envisage the idea of art as a form of resistance. He began to believe in a secret world of beauty that might offset the brutality of the real world all around him.

Henze s career as a composer began in the early post-war years. He studied composition with Wolfgang Fortner in Heidelberg and in 1946 attended the newly established summer school for new music in Darmstadt. In 1948 Ernest Bour conducted his First Violin Concerto in Baden-Baden. His First Symphony had already received its first performance in Bad Pyrmont four months earlier. (Henze was later to revise this work on two separate occasions.) His Second Symphony was heard in Stuttgart in 1949 and his Third in Donaueschingen in 1951. Meanwhile, his solo cantata Whispers from Heavenly Death a setting of five poems by Walt Whitman had been performed in Frankfurt in 1950. René Leibowitz had introduced Henze to twelve-note composition, but it was a technique that the young student soon rejected. This period also witnessed his earliest works for the music theatre. After ballets in Düsseldorf and Berlin and his first attempts at an opera, Boulevard Solitude was staged in Hanover in 1952 and proved his first great success. The sets and costumes were designed by Jean-Pierre Ponnelle. From then on, music theatre was to be one of the principal focuses of Henze s compositional output. At the time of his death in 2012 he had completed more than two dozen works of music theatre as well as several school and radio operas and numerous ballets.


Works:

Symphony no 1 by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1947/1963; Germany Date of Recording: 06/1965 Venue: UFA-Studio, Berlin, Germany Length: 16 Minutes 37 Secs.

Symphony no 2 by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1949; Germany Date of Recording: 06/1965 Venue: UFA-Studio, Berlin, Germany Length: 20 Minutes 59 Secs.

Symphony no 3 by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1949-1950; Germany Date of Recording: 06/1965 Venue: UFA-Studio, Berlin, Germany Length: 24 Minutes 22 Secs.

Symphony no 4 by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1955; Germany Date of Recording: 06/1965 Venue: UFA-Studio, Berlin, Germany Length: 27 Minutes 55 Secs.

Symphony no 5 by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1962; Germany Date of Recording: 06/1965 Venue: UFA-Studio, Berlin, Germany Length: 20 Minutes 27 Secs.

Symphony no 6 by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: London Symphony Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1969; Germany Date of Recording: 04/1972 Venue: Brent Town Hall, London Length: 37 Minutes 33 Secs.

Double Concerto for Oboe, Harp and Strings by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Ursula Holliger (Harp), Heinz Holliger (Oboe) Conductor: Paul Sacher Orchestra/Ensemble: Zurich Collegium Musicum Period: 20th Century Written: 1966

Fantasia for Strings by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Paul Sacher Orchestra/Ensemble: Zurich Collegium Musicum Period: 20th Century Written: 1966; Germany

Sonata for Strings by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Paul Sacher Orchestra/Ensemble: Zurich Collegium Musicum Period: 20th Century Written: 1957-1958; Germany

Concerto for Violin no 1 by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Wolfgang Schneiderhan (Violin) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1947; Germany

Ode an den Westwind by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Siegfried Palm (Cello) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1953; Germany

Concerto for Double Bass by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Gary Karr (Double Bass) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: English Chamber Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1966; Germany

Concerto for Piano no 2 by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Christoph Eschenbach (Piano) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: London Philharmonic Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1967; Germany

Tristan by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Homero Francesch (Piano) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1974; Germany

Ballet Variations by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Ferenc Fricsay Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1949; Germany Date of Recording: 1949

Kammermusik: Drei Tentos by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Siegfried Behrend (Guitar) Period: 20th Century Written: 1958; Germany

Neapolitan Songs (5) by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Baritone) Conductor: Richard Kraus Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1956; Germany

Whispers from Heavenly Death by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Edda Moser (Soprano) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1948; Germany

Being Beauteous by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Edda Moser (Soprano) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin RIAS Chamber Chorus, Berlin Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1963; Germany

Essay on Pigs by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Roy Hart (Baritone) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: English Chamber Orchestra, Philip Jones Brass Ensemble membersPeriod: 20th Century Written: 1968; Germany

Cantata della Fiaba Estrema by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Edda Moser (Soprano) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Radio Chamber Choir, Berlin Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra Written: 1963

Muses of Sicily by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Paul Sheftel (Piano), Joseph Rollino (Piano) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Dresden Kreuz Choir, Dresden Staatskapelle Period: 20th Century Written: 1966; Germany

Moralities by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Reinhard Decker (Voice), Cornelius Schwarz (Spoken Vocals), Berthold Rink (Voice), Friedemann Jäckel (Boy Soprano), Dieter Leffler (Boy Alto), Titus Paspirgilis (Boy Alto), Andreas Scheibner (Baritone), Frieder Lang (Tenor) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Dresden Kreuz Choir, Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1967; Germany

El Cimarron by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: William Pearson (Baritone), Karlheinz Zöller (Flute), Leo Brouwer (Guitar), Stomu Yamash’ta (Percussion) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Period: 20th Century Written: 1969-1970; Germany

The Tedious Way to the Place of Natascha Ungeheuer by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Stomu Yamash’ta (Harmonica), William Pearson (Baritone), Giuseppe Agostini (Organ), Stomu Yamash’ta (Percussion) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Fires of London, Philip Jones Brass Ensemble members, Gunther Hampel Free Jazz Ensemble Period: 20th Century Written: 1971; Germany

Elegy for Young Lovers: Excerpt(s) by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Hubert Hilten (Spoken Vocals), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Baritone), Thomas Hemsley (Bass), Loren Driscoll (Tenor), Liane Dubin (Soprano), Martha Mödl (Mezzo Soprano), Catherine Gayer (Soprano) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra members, Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra members Period: 20th Century Written: 1959-1961; Germany

Der junge lord by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Patricia Johnson (Mezzo Soprano), Ruth Hesse (Mezzo Soprano), Barry McDaniel (Baritone), Edith Mathis (Soprano), Bella Jasper (Soprano), Donald Grobe (Tenor), Marina Türke (Soprano), Vera Little (Mezzo Soprano), Helmut Krebs (Tenor), Ernst Krukowski (Baritone), Ivan Sardi (Baritone), Günther Treptow (Tenor), Fritz Hoppe (Baritone), Manfred Röhrl (Bass Baritone), Loren Driscoll (Tenor), Lisa Otto (Soprano) Conductor: Christoph von Dohnányi Orchestra/Ensemble: Schöneberg Boys Choir, Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus, Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1964; Germany

Boulevard Solitude: Symphonic Intermezzo by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Claudio Abbado Orchestra/Ensemble: Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1953

Capriccio for Cello solo by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Matt Haimovitz (Cello) Period: 20th Century Written: 1976/1981

Sonata for Brass Octet by Hans Werner Henze

Orchestra/Ensemble: Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Brass Period: 20th Century Written: 1983

The Bassarids: Hunt of the Menads by Hans Werner Henze

Conductor: Claudio Abbado Orchestra/Ensemble: Gustav Mahler Youth Orchestra Period: 20th Century Written: 1965

Ondine by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Peter Donohoe (Piano) Conductor: Oliver Knussen Orchestra/Ensemble: London Sinfonietta Period: 20th Century Written: 1956-1957; Germany Date of Recording: 1996 Venue: Herny Wood Hall, London, England Length: 102 Minutes 53 Secs.

Raft of the Medusa by Hans Werner Henze

Performer: Edda Moser (Soprano), Charles Regnier (Spoken Vocals), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Baritone) Conductor: Hans Werner Henze Orchestra/Ensemble: North German Radio Symphony Orchestra, North German Radio Chorus, Berlin Radio Chamber Choir ... Period: 20th Century Written: 1968; Germany



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