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Haydn: Missa Cellensis / Hickox, Gritton, Winter, et al

> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Kyrie
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo —
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi —
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Gloria: Quoniam tu solus Sanctus
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Credo: Credo in unum Deum —
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Credo: Et incarnatus est —
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Credo: Et resurrexit
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Sanctus
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Benedictus
> Mass No. 5 in E flat major, Hob.XXII:4, "Missa in honorem BVM", "Missa Sancti Josephi", "Grosse Orgelsolomesse" - Agnus Dei
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Kyrie
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Gloria: Gloria in excelsis Deo —
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Gloria: Gratias agimus tibi —
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Gloria: Quoniam tu solus Sanctus
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Credo: Credo in unum Deum —
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Credo: Et incarnatus est —
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Credo: Et resurrexit
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Sanctus
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Benedictus
> Mass No. 8 in C major, Hob.XXII:8, "Missa Cellensis", "Mariazellermesse" - Agnus Dei

Album Summary

>Haydn, Franz Joseph : Missa in honorem BVM, for soloists, chorus, organ & orchestra in E flat major ("Missa St. Joseph" /
>Haydn, Franz Joseph : Missa Cellensis, for soloists, chorus, organ & orchestra in C major ("Mariazellermesse"), H. 22/8
Performers Conductor Ensemble Composer

Notes & Reviews:

"As ever, Hickox chooses lively yet never hectic tempi, secures clean choral and orchestral textures and strikes a happy balance between dancing energy and due liturgical gravity. The choir is fresh-toned and responsive...the solo quartet, topped by [Gritton's] soaring soprano, sings with a chamber musical grace and refinement...[The] Kyrie and the plaintive 'Et incarnatus'[are] sung with quiet intensity and perfect control by Mark Padmore...a clear first choice." ***** -Wigmore, BBC

Gramophone Classical Music Guide
This concluding issue in Richard Hickox's prize-winning Haydn Mass series follows a similar pattern to earlier discs, offering exhilarating performances which wear their period style lightly. Gardiner for Philips is by a fraction the more crisply incisive, with pinpoint attack and clean textures: Hickox generally prefers slightly broader speeds, with full, immediate sound, more clearly bringing out the joy of Haydn's inspiration as well as the drama.

Both of these Masses are relatively neglected, even on disc. The Great Organ Mass, dating from 1768-9, seems not to have been composed for a special occasion, but, exceptionally, because Haydn wanted to write it. It's a distinctive work, both in its choice of key, E flat, rare for a Mass of the time, and for replacing oboes in the orchestra with two cor anglais.

The role of the organ is far more important, though; its Baroque figuration attractively decorative, while the Benedictus includes a concertante organ part, accompanying the quartet of soloists. Choosing light registration, Ian Watson produces delightful sounds throughout, with delicate organ decorations set in contrast with the relatively plain choral writing. As in the rest of the Hickox series, the singing and playing of Collegium Musicum 90 is most stylish.

Hickox has a special relish for Haydn's rhythmic exuberance, as in the syncopated Amens in the Sanctus and the robust 6/8 rhythms of the 'Dona nobis pacem' at the very end.

The Mariazeller Mass, written much later in 1782, was the last Mass setting that Haydn composed before the final six masterpieces, and already points forward. As in those late Masses, the Kyrie is in a compressed sonata form: a slow introduction leads to a vigorous Allegro, with the 'Christe eleison' as the development section.

Clearly, Haydn was already thinking of his Mass settings in symphonic terms, with striking keychanges also relating to Haydn's symphonic writing.

Even more than in the Great Organ Mass, Hickox brings out the vitality of the writing, as in the extraordinary 'Dona nobis pacem' at the end, so wildly syncopated it's almost jazzy. A splendid culmination to an outstanding series.



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Works Details

>Haydn, Franz Joseph : Missa in honorem BVM, for soloists, chorus, organ & orchestra in E flat major ("Missa St. Joseph" /
  • Performers: Louise Winter (Mezzo Soprano); Ian Watson (Organ); Susan Gritton (Soprano); Mark Padmore; Stephen Varcoe
  • Conductor: Richard Hickox
  • Ensemble: Collegium Musicum 90
  • Notes: Blackheath Halls (01/03/2001-01/05/2001)
  • Running Time: 18 min. 48 sec.
  • Period Time: Classical
  • Form: Choral
  • Written: by 1774

>Haydn, Franz Joseph : Missa Cellensis, for soloists, chorus, organ & orchestra in C major ("Mariazellermesse"), H. 22/8
  • Performers: Louise Winter (Mezzo Soprano); Ian Watson (Organ); Susan Gritton (Soprano); Mark Padmore; Stephen Varcoe
  • Conductor: Richard Hickox
  • Ensemble: Collegium Musicum 90
  • Notes: Blackheath Halls (01/03/2001-01/05/2001)
  • Running Time: 15 min. 57 sec.
  • Period Time: Classical
  • Form: Choral
  • Written: 1782