Notes & Reviews:
In Volume IV (Chapters XXXVII-XLVI), Gibbon explores the state of the Roman provinces after the dissolution of the Western Empire, and examines the reasons for its fall, not excluding its 'immoderate greatness'. He then moves to the Empire in the East and its rule under Justinian (527 565), whose formidable leadership saw the re-fortification of Constantinople and the frontiers of the Eastern Empire. However, dangerous times remain ahead as the Persians make attempts to siege Constantinople. Gibbon ends with the state of the Eastern Empire in the sixth century and its weaknesses after a long war.